Ten years after the adoption of the International Criminal Court's (ICC) Statute in Rome (Rome Statute), and six years after its entry into force (July 1, 2002) and the establishment of a new institution, there is now an "operational" permanent International Criminal Court. Although this young court has quickly taken on challenges and made great strides forward, it must still attain several goals and explore many avenues in order to truly put an end to impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes, and thus ensure the prevention of new crimes.
FIDH took an active role in the establishment of the ICC. It has worked toward the Statute's ratification and its implementation by the greatest number of States. It monitors the proceedings currently in front of the Court and actively contributes to the dialogue between civil society and the ICC.